Glossary of Horse Terms T-Z
Tack: Refers to the equipment used to ride and train horses. The origin of this word is a shortening of the word “tackle.” Also refers to putting on the saddle and bridle.
Tack Room: The place where saddles, bridles and training equipment are kept.
Tetanus: A disease that enters the horse’s body through an open wound. Symptoms include stiffness and weakness chewing.
Thoroughbred: A breed of horse descended from the Darley Arabian, Byerly Turk, and the Godolphin Arabian. These horses are bred mainly for racing, polo and as hunters with an average height of 16 hands, fine bones and long straight muscular legs.
Throatlatch: The underside of where the horses jaw and neck meet.
Thrush: A degenerative condition of the frog caused by the horse standing in wet areas or infrequent hoof care. Symptoms include a bad odor and black discharge.
Tree: The frame of a saddle. Materials can be wood, metal, fiberglass or rawhide.
Trot: A two beat gait in which the horse uses it’s legs in diagonal pairs.
Turn Out: The act of putting a horse out in a paddock or pasture to graze or for exercise.
Two-Track: Lateral movements where the horse moves forward and to the side at the same time. The outside legs cross over in front of the inside legs in these movement.
Unsoundness: A structural weakness that affects the normal movement or use of the horse.
Vice: A bad habit such as cribbing, wind sucking, head tossing, or weaving.
Walk: A four beat gait where each of the horse’s feet hit the ground separately.
Warm Blood: A breed of horse with Arabian or eastern blood in its breeding.
Weaning: Removing the foal from the mare. Usually this is done when the foal is four to six months of age.
Weaving: A vice where the horse develops a side to side swaying in the stall, usually from boredom.
Wind Sucking: A horse arches its neck and swallows air without necessarily biting onto anything in its stall. This causes air to be present in the digestive tract causing a less efficient digestion of food.
Withers: The highest point on a horses back at the ridge between its shoulder blades. Horses are measured at this point.
Wolf Teeth: Teeth that appear in front of the horse’s molars. These interfere with the bit action and should be removed.
Worms: Parasites in the digestive tract of the horse. Horses must be de-wormed regularly to remain healthy.
Yearling: A horse that is from one year to his second birthday.
Zebra Marks: Stripes on the legs, withers, neck or rump of some primitive breeds.